This rifle was probably made in the Dagestani village of Kubachi, the principal armsmaking center in the Caucasus. The Arabic inscription on the barrel, "Owned by Abā Muslim Khān Shamkhāl," and the very high quality of the workmanship suggest that it belonged to a member of the family of the ruling prince (shāmkhāl).
Inscription: Damascened in Arabic on the breechblock: "Owned by Abā Muslim Khān Shamkhāl."
Ex. coll.: Prince Zoubaloff (1832–1913), Tiflis, Georgia; D. Z. Noorian, NY.