Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Matchlock Petronel

Date:
ca. 1570–80
Culture:
French
Medium:
Steel, wood, bone
Dimensions:
L. 45 1/4 in. (114.9 cm); Cal. .51 in. (12.9 mm); Wt. 7 lb. 11 oz. (3487 g)
Classification:
Firearms-Guns-Matchlock
Credit Line:
The Collection of Giovanni P. Morosini, presented by his daughter Giulia, 1932
Accession Number:
32.75.111
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 375
When aiming a gun of this type, the sharply curved end of the stock was pressed against the chest (poitrine in French), hence the name petronel. The inlaid decorations of bone, some tinted green, reflect German influence. Whereas plain, inexpensively made matchlock guns were the standard weapon of muskateers throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, richly decorated examples such as this one seem to have been made for noblemen, either for hunting or for target shooting.
Marking: Marked on the barrel: a star and a shield.
Seattle. Seattle Art Museum. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," March 11–June 6, 1982.

Denver. Denver Art Museum. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," July 18–October 10, 1982.

San Antonio. The Witte Memorial Museum. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 13, 1982–February 5, 1983.

Detroit. Detroit Institute of Arts. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," March 10, 1983–June 2, 1984.

Minneapolis. Minneapolis Institute of Arts. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," May 24–July 31, 1983.

San Francisco. de Young Museum, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. "The Art of Chivalry: European Arms and Armor from The Metropolitan Museum of Art," November 5, 1983–January 28, 1984.

Lindsay, Merrill, Bruce Pendleton, Verne Noll, and Peter Parnall. One Hundred Great Guns: An Illustrated History of Firearms. New York: Walker and Company, 1967.

Godoy, José-A. "Catalogue du Musée d'Art et d'Histoire." In Armes à Feu XVe-XVIIe Siècle. Geneva: Bramante Editrice, 1993.



Related Objects

Double-Barrel Breech-Loading Pinfire Shotgun

Artist: J. C. A. Brun (French, Paris, active 1849–72) Date: dated 1866 Medium: Steel, wood (walnut), gold Accession: 1993.415 On view in:Gallery 375

Double-Barreled Percussion Shotgun

Artist: Louis Perrin (French, Paris, active 1823–65) Date: dated 1854 Medium: Steel, wood (walnut), silver Accession: 1991.5 On view in:Gallery 375

Cased Set of a Flintlock Rifle, a Pair of Pistols, and Accessories

Artist: Nicolas Noël Boutet (French, Versailles and Paris, 1761–1833) Date: ca. 1800 Medium: Steel, wood (walnut, mahogany), silver, gold, horn, velvet Accession: 1970.179.1a–q On view in:Gallery 375

Flintlock Gun of Louis XIII (1601–1643), King of France

Artist: Pierre Le Bourgeois (French, Lisieux, died 1627) Date: ca. 1620 Medium: Steel, brass, silver, gold, wood (walnut), mother-of-pearl Accession: 1972.223 On view in:Gallery 375

Flintlock Gun

Artist: Louis Jaley (French, Saint-Étienne 1696–1773) Date: dated 1735 Medium: Steel, gold, wood, silver Accession: 1987.274 On view in:Gallery 375