Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Partial coffee service

Factory:
Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present)
Decorator:
Pictorial decoration by Jean Charles Develly (active 1813–47)
Decorator:
Gilded by Pierre Riton (active 1821–60)
Patron:
Commissioned by Louis Philippe, King of France (French, Paris 1773–1850 Claremont, Surrey) for Queen Marie-Amélie
Date:
1836
Culture:
French, Sèvres
Medium:
Hard-paste porcelain
Dimensions:
Coffeepot: overall (confirmed): 7 9/16 x 6 15/16 x 4 1/4 in. (19.2 x 17.6 x 10.8 cm); Milk jug: overall (confirmed): 7 7/16 x 3 7/8 x 3 1/4 in. (18.9 x 9.8 x 8.3 cm); Sugar bowl: overall (confirmed): 5 5/8 x 5 1/4 x 4 1/16 in. (14.3 x 13.3 x 10.3 cm); Tray: overall (confirmed): 3/4 x 17 3/4 x 13 11/16 in. (1.9 x 45.1 x 34.8 cm)
Classification:
Ceramics-Porcelain
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Charles E. Sampson Memorial Fund and Gift of Irwin Untermyer, by exchange, 1986
Accession Number:
1986.281.1a, b–.4
Not on view
The best of the Sèvres porcelain produced in the mid-nineteenth century displays an originality of conception unmatched by the other European ceramic manufactories of the period. This inventiveness is reflected in the unusual subject matter and bold ornamental patterns employed in the decoration of this service. Each of the scenes depicts an aspect of the cultivation of cacao or the preparation of hot chocolate, and the various stages of production and the utensils employed are rendered with a surprising degree of historical accuracy. The scenes were both conceived and painted by Jean-Charles Develly, one of the most prolific and creative artists at the Sèvres factory. A different hand was responsible for the colorful borders and motifs that, though entirely fanciful, were intended to evoke ancient Aztec designs. This coffee service was purchased in 1986, when the collecting of nineteenth-century Sèvres porcelain by American museums was uncommon, and it remains one of the cornerstones of the Museum's nineteenth-century ceramic holdings.
Marking: On coffeepot (.1a, b): Printed in blue on bottom: [1] crowned LP, SEVRES 1836 (factory mark 1834–45); painted in gold on bottom: [2] R (gilder's mark of Riton); incised under glaze [3] 32-12 (production mark for December 1832); [4] j–a (unidentified workman's mark); [5] script Miii (thrower's mark of Nicolas Fischer, dates unrecorded).

On milk jug (.2): Printed in blue on bottom: [1] crowned LP, SEVRES 1836 (factory mark 1834–45); incised under glaze on bottom: [2] 31-12 (production mark for December 1831); [3] MT in script (thrower's mark of Michel Tollot, active 1825–54); [4] CL in script (mark of C.F.J. Delahaye, 1806–79, répareur); [5] illegible trace of gilder's mark.

On sugar bowl (.3a, b): Printed in blue on bottom: [1] crowned LP, SEVRES 1836 (factory mark 1834–45); painted in gold: [2] R (gilder's mark of Riton); [3] W (unidentified); incised under glaze: [4] 36 10 (production mark for October 1836); [5] script A L (mark of Jean Baptiste Allard, active 1832–41); [6] script M (unidentified).

On tray (.4): Printed in blue on bottom: [1] crowned LP, SEVRES 1836 (factory mark 1834–45); incised under glaze: [2] script Le (mark of J.C. Leguiller, 1778–ca. 1848, mouleur sur l'ovale); [3] 31-5 (production mark for May 1831).
Queen Marie Amélie (from 1837)
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