Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Tankard

Maker:
Valentinius (Felten) Urbiger (master in 1641, died 1657)
Date:
ca. 1650
Culture:
Hungarian, Brassó
Medium:
Gilded silver
Dimensions:
Overall: 8 1/8 x 4 1/2 in. (20.6 x 11.5 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
Gift of The Salgo Trust for Education, New York, in memory of Nicolas M. Salgo, 2010
Accession Number:
2010.110.24
Not on view
The harmonious proportions, the careful distinction between matte and polished areas, and the powerful lid with its sculptural finial give this great tankard a particular elegance. The little recumbent stag, a symbol of hunting, rests on the lid framed by thin branches of so-called Krauswerk, or silver scroll-sheet foliage, that defines the space. Various tankards and covered cups with a similar stag cast are known. The decorative finials were prefabricated and bought from specialists. Its model was very popular (see István Heller. Ungarische und siebenbürgische Goldschmiedearbeiten: Vom Ende des 16. Jahrhunderts bis zum Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts. Munich, 2000, nos. 1 and 2, pp. 66–68 and Erdély régi művészeti emlékeinek kiállítása az Iparművészeti múzeumban / Ausstellung alten Kunstgewerbes aus Siebenbürgen. Exh. cat. Országos Magyar Iparművészeti Múzeum. Budapest, 1931, no. 71, pl. VII and Klaus Pechstein. Deutsche Goldschmiedekunst vom 15. bis zum 20. Jahrhundert aus dem Germanischen Nationalmuseum. Exh. cat. Deutsches Goldschmiedehaus Hanau, Städtisches Museum Ingolstadt, and Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg. Nuremberg and Berlin, 1987, p. 279, no. 166). Cups in the form of a stag or beakers and tankards decorated with hunting motifs were offered after the hunt to special guests or to the most successful hunter in a hunting lodge.

Literature
Tihamér Gyárfás. A brassai ötvösség története. Brassó, 1912, p. 109, no. 197.
Elemér Kőszeghy. Magyarországi ötvösjegyek a középkortól 1867-ig / Merkzeichen der Goldschmiede Ungarns vom Mittelalter bis 1867. Budapest, 1936, no. 211b [maker’s mark].
Catalogue of European Silver. Sale cat., Sotheby’s, Geneva, November 30, 1982, p. 13, no. 34.
Judit H. Kolba. Hungarian Silver: The Nicolas M. Salgo Collection. London, 1996, p. 57, no. 35.

Exhibited
A Magyar történeti ötvösmű-kiállítás lajstroma. Exh. cat. Országos Magyar Iparművészeti Múzeum. Budapest, 1884, room 4, case 2, p. 46, no. 148.
Erdély régi művészeti emlékeinek kiállítása az Iparművészeti múzeumban / Ausstellung alten Kunstgewerbes aus Siebenbürgen. Exh. cat. Museum of Applied Arts. Budapest, 1931, p. 19, no. 63.

[Wolfram Koeppe 2015]
Inscription: Inscribed in ink on the underside: the number "47/1936" (the inventory mark of the Andrássy collection).

Marking: On the rim: the mark of Valentinus (Felten) Urbiger of Brassó
Andrássy Collection ; [ sale, Sotheby's, Geneva , May 9, 1982, lot 34; to Salgo ] ; Nicolas M. Salgo (from 1982) ; Salgo Trust for Education (until 2010; to MMA)
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