Armor of Henry Herbert (1534–1601), Second Earl of Pembroke
Made in the Royal Workshops at Greenwich (British, Greenwich, 1511–1640s)
Wt. 60 lb. 1 oz. (27.24 kg)
Armor for Man
Rogers Fund, 1932
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 371
This armor was made for Henry Herbert (1534–1601) in the royal workshops at Greenwich. Originally, it consisted of a garniture for field and tournament. The present burgonet (helmet) and falling buffe (face defense) were designed for light cavalry and infantry use. Among the garniture’s missing elements are two close helmets and several reinforcing pieces for the tournament, similar to those preserved with the Cumberland garniture also in the Metropolitan Museum's collection (acc. no. 32.130.6a–y).
Herbert’s antiquarian and heraldic interests are reflected in the armor’s decoration, which traces the lineage of the great Pembroke family through its complex coat of arms, consisting of twenty-two quarterings. The complete arms are displayed on the cheeks of the helmet, while individual quarterings are found on every element of the armor. The Order of the Garter, awarded to Herbert in 1574, also figures prominently in the decoration.
Ex. coll.: The Earl of Pembroke, and Montgomery, Wilton House, Salisbury, Britain; Clarence H. Mackay, Roslyn, Long Island, New York.
Meyrick, Samuel Rush. A Critical Inquiry into Ancient Armour, as it Existed in Europe, but Particularly in England, from the Norman Conquest to the Reign of King Charles II, Illustrated by a Series of Illuminated Engravings, with a Glossary of Military Terms of the Middle Ages. Vol. III. 2nd ed. London: H. G. Bohn, 1842. p. 115.
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Dean, Bashford. Notes on Arms and Armor. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1916. p. 52, ill.
Laking, Guy Francis, Charles A. de Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries. Vol. 4. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1921. pp. 35–38, figs. 1105a, 1116.
Grancsay, Stephen V. "Notes on Armor of the Greenwich School." Metropolitan Museum Studies 2, No. 1 (November 1929). p. 90.
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Williams, Alan, and A. D. Reuck. The Royal Armoury at Greenwich 1515–1649: A History of its Technology. Royal Armouries Monograph 4. Leeds: Trustees of the Royal Armouries, 1995. pp. 93–94, ill.
Norman, A. V. B., Ian Eaves, and Howard L. Blackmore. Arms & Armour In The Collection Of Her Majesty The Queen: European Armour. 1st Ed ed. London: Royal Collection Trust, 2016. pp. 137, 143.
Southwick, Leslie. "The Greenwich Armour of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, and others presented to and commissioned by the Prince between 1604 and 1612." Park Lane Arms Fair (Spring 2016). pp. 56–57, fig. 52.
Artist: Made under the direction of Jacob Halder (British, master armorer at the royal workshops at Greenwich, documented in England 1558–1608)Date: 1586Medium: Steel, gold, leather, textileAccession: 32.130.6a–yOn view in:Gallery 371