This armor was made for Henry Herbert (1534–1601) in the royal workshops at Greenwich. Originally, it consisted of a garniture for field and tournament. The present burgonet (helmet) and falling buffe (face defense) were designed for light cavalry and infantry use. Among the garniture’s missing elements are two close helmets and several reinforcing pieces for the tournament, similar to those preserved with the Cumberland garniture also in the Metropolitan Museum's collection (acc. no. 32.130.6a–y).
Herbert’s antiquarian and heraldic interests are reflected in the armor’s decoration, which traces the lineage of the great Pembroke family through its complex coat of arms, consisting of twenty-two quarterings. The complete arms are displayed on the cheeks of the helmet, while individual quarterings are found on every element of the armor. The Order of the Garter, awarded to Herbert in 1574, also figures prominently in the decoration.
Ex. coll.: The Earl of Pembroke, and Montgomery, Wilton House, Salisbury, Britain; Clarence H. Mackay, Roslyn, Long Island, New York.
London. New Gallery. "Exhibition of the Royal House of Tudor," 1890–April 6, 1890, no. 574 (suit whose description tallies with ours, called suit of William, 1st Earl of Pembroke).
London. H. M. Tower of London. "Exhibition of Armour Made in the Royal Workshops at Greenwich," May 22–September 29, 1951, no. 12.
Pembroke and Montgomery, Earl of, collection sale. London: Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 06/23/2001. cat. no. 118.
Meyrick, Samuel Rush. A Critical Inquiry into Antient [sic] Armour: As It Existed in Europe, Particularly in Great Britain from the Norman Conquest to the Reign of King Charles II.... Vol. 3. 2nd ed. London: H. G. Bohn, 1842. p. 115.
New Gallery. Exhibition of the Royal House of Tudor: The New Gallery, Regent Street. London: The Gallery, 1890. no. 574.
Topf, Jakob, and Harold Arthur Lee-Dillon. An Almain Armourer's Album: Selections from an Original MS. in Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington. London: W. Griggs, 1905. no. 25, ill.
Laking, Guy Francis, Charles A. de Cosson, and Francis Henry Cripps-Day. A Record of European Armour and Arms Through Seven Centuries. Vol. IV. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1921. pp. 35–38, figs. 1105a, 1116.
Grancsay, Stephen V. "Notes on Armor of the Greenwich School." Metropolitan Museum Studies 2, pt. 1 (1929). p. 90.
Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1944. pp. 5–6, pl. 22.
Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1946. pp. 5–6, pl. 22.
Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. 3rd ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1951. pp. 5–6, pl. 22.
Grancsay, Stephen V. Historical Armor: A Picture Book. 4th ed. ed. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1957. pp. 5–6, pl. 22.
Williams, Alan, and Anthony de Reuck. The Royal Armoury at Greenwich 1515–1649: A History of Its Technology. Royal Armouries Monograph 4. Leeds: Trustees of the Royal Armouries, 1995. pp. 93–94, ill.
Norman, A. V. B., Ian Eaves, and Howard L. Blackmore. Arms & Armour In The Collection Of Her Majesty The Queen: European Armour. 1st Ed ed. London: Royal Collection Trust, 2016. pp. 137, 143.
Southwick, Leslie. "The Greenwich Armour of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, and others presented to and commissioned by the Prince between 1604 and 1612." Park Lane Arms Fair (Spring 2016). pp. 56–57, fig. 52.
Artist: Made under the direction of Jacob Halder (British, master armorer at the royal workshops at Greenwich, documented in England 1558–1608)Date: 1586Medium: Steel, gold, leather, textileAccession: 32.130.6a–yOn view in:Gallery 371