Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Marble anthropoid sarcophagus

Period:
Classical
Date:
last quarter of the 5th century B.C.
Culture:
Graeco-Phoenician
Medium:
Parian marble
Dimensions:
L. 83 1/4in. (211.5cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
The Cesnola Collection, Purchased by subscription, 1874–76
Accession Number:
74.51.2454
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 174
The sarcophagus consists of a hollowed lower box covered by a lid that slightly conveys the contours of the upper body and the legs. Earlier anthropoid sarcophagi represent the volumes of a body wrapped in a shroud. The only explicit human features here are the head of a woman, framed with curls, and the long locks disposed on her chest. This sarcophagus and the one nearby are among only four of this type found in Cyprus. It was introduced to the island by Phoenicians, who favored it between the fifth and third centuries B.C. in Phoenicia and the many regions that they colonized. Over two hundred are known today, most of them from Sidon.
From Kition or surrounding area

Doell, Johannes. 1873. Die Sammlung Cesnola. no. 834, p. 58, pl. XII.6, St. Petersburg: L’Académie Impérial des Sciences.

Cesnola, Luigi Palma di. 1877. Cyprus: Its Ancient Cities, Tombs, and Temples. A Narrative of Researches and Excavations During Ten Years' Residence in That Island. p. 53, London: John Murray.

Cesnola, Luigi Palma di. 1885. A Descriptive Atlas of the Cesnola Collection of Cypriote Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Vol. 1. pl. XCI.589, Boston: James R. Osgood and Company.

Myres, John L. 1914. Handbook of the Cesnola Collection of Antiquities from Cyprus. no. 1367, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Kukahn, Erich. 1955. Anthropoide Sarkophage in Beyrouth, und die Geschichte dieser sidonischen Sarkophagkunst. no. 25, pp. 37, 84, pl. 26.2, Berlin: Mann.

McCann, Anna Marguerite. 1978. Roman Sarcophagi in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 18, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Frede, Simone. 2000. Die Phönizischen Anthropoiden Sarkophage. no. X.4, pp. 138, pls. 120, 12.a, Mainz am Rhein: P. von Zabern.

Karageorghis, Vassos, Joan Mertens, and Marice E. Rose. 2000. Ancient Art from Cyprus: The Cesnola Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 361, pp. 228-9, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Hermary, Antoine and Joan R. Mertens. 2013. The Cesnola Collection of Cypriot Art: Stone Sculpture. no. 495, pp. 373–74, Online Publication, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Hermary, Antoine. 2015. "Un nouveau bilan sur les sarcophages anthropoïdes de Chypre." ΠΟΛΥΜΑΘΕΙΑ: Festschrift für Hartmut Matthäus anläßlich seines 65. Geburtstages, Stefanie Nawracala and Robert Nawracala, eds. pp. 205, 210, 216, fig. 5.

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