Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Terracotta cinerary urn

Period:
Hellenistic
Date:
2nd century B.C.
Culture:
Etruscan
Medium:
Terracotta
Dimensions:
Overall (with lid): 13 7/16 x 13 15/16 x 7 1/8 in. (34.2 x 35.4 x 18.1 cm)
Classification:
Terracottas
Credit Line:
Purchase, 1896
Accession Number:
96.9.219a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 171
The frieze depicts one of the most popular subjects on Etruscan terracotta urns, a man using a plow as a weapon. Some scholars suggest that he is the Greek hero Echetlos, a rustic who came to the aid of the Athenians and killed many Persians, wielding his plow against them at the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. However, it has never been explained satisfactorily why such an obscure Greek legend was so popular in Etruria. It is possible that the scene represents an Etruscan legend or event of unknown specific meaning. The type was produced extensively in Chiusi. As told by the inscription, AULE : PETRUNI : ATH : CUTNALISA, this is the cinerary urn of Aulus Petronius, son of Arnth Cutnalisa.
Inscription: Inscribed: AULE : PETRUNI : ATH : CUTNALISA ("Aulus Petronius, son of Arnth Cutnalisa")
Said to be from Chiusi

Danielsson, Olof August and Carl Pauli. 1893. Corpus Inscriptionum Etruscarum, Vol. 1. no. 4905, p. 642, Leipzig.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. Handbook of the Etruscan Collection. p. 49, fig. 143, New York: Marchbanks Press.

Rix, Helmut. 1991. Etruskische Texte: Editio minor. no. 1.2114, p. 233, Tübingen: Gunter Naar.

Wallace, Rex. 2009. "culnaliśa or cutnaliśa? A Note on the Etruscan Inscription in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Etruscan News, 11:

de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 6.90a, pp. 7, 21, 243, 245, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Huntsman, Theresa. 2014. "Hellenistic Etruscan Cremation Urns from Chiusi." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 49: pp. 143-6, figs. 7-8.

Related Objects

Terracotta skyphos (deep drinking cup)

Date: ca. 325–300 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 07.286.33 On view in:Gallery 170

Terracotta cinerary urn

Date: 3rd–2nd century B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 57.11.10 On view in:Gallery 170

Terracotta cinerary urn

Date: 2nd century B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 96.9.223a, b On view in:Gallery 170

Terracotta cinerary urn

Date: 2nd century B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 96.9.220a, b On view in:Gallery 170

Terracotta cinerary urn

Date: 2nd century B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 96.9.221a, b On view in:Gallery 170