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Terracotta kylix (drinking cup)

Attributed to the Group of the Phineus Painter
Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 540–520 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Chalcidian
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 3 1/2 in. (8.9 cm) diameter 7 5/8 in. (19.4 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Purchase by subscription, 1896
Accession Number:
96.18.64
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 171
Obverse and reverse, between eyes, nose; at handles, ears

While certainly influenced by Attic models, Chalcidian eye-cups have a distinct elegance produced by their normally fine potting and and precise decoration. The small, concave foot that is often reserved rather than glazed also gives these works a light appearance. While noses do occur between eyes on Attic eye-cups, the inclusion of ears is a Chalcidian feature. The noses and ears evoke satyrs and associate the decoration, sparse though it is, with the world of Dionysos.
Said to be from Civita Castellana

Fürtwangler, Adolf and Karl Reichhold. 1904. Griechische Vasenmalerei : Auswahl hervorragender Vasenbilder. p. 160 n. 3, München.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 78, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Rumpf, Andreas. 1921. "Zur Gruppe der Phineusschale." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung, 46: pp. 161ff..

Ernst, Pfuhl. 1923. Malerei und Zeichnung der Griechen, Vol. 1. p. 205, Munich: F. Bruckmann Verlag, Munich.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 91, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Rumpf, Andreas. 1927. Chalkidische Vasen. no. 245, pl. CLXXVII, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Langlotz, Ernst. 1975. Studien zur nordostgriechischen Kunst. p. 186 n. 49, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Iozzo, Mario. 1994. Ceramica "Calcidese": Nuovi Documenti e Problemi Riproposti. pp. 83, 188, fig. 18, Roma: Società Magna Grecia.

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