The simple elegance of this shape ensured its popularity throughout much of Etruria from about 625 to 500 B.C. The figural friezes were made by pressing a carved cylinder seal into the leather-hard clay before firing. In this case, both are identical and depict seated figures, perhaps members of the nobility, in the company of standing attendants. The subject, its specific meaning unknown, is associated with chalices made at Chiusi.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. Handbook of the Etruscan Collection. p. 11, fig. 36, New York: Marchbanks Press.
Scalia, F. 1968. "I Cilindretti di Tipo Chiusino con Figure Umane." Studi Etruschi, 36: nos. 108-11, p. 374, fig. 5b.
de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 4.69a, pp. 6, 94-5, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.