Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Wheellock Rifle

Maker:
Johann Michael Maucher (German, Schwäbisch Gmünd, 1645–1701)
Date:
ca. 1680–90
Geography:
Schwäbisch Gmünd
Culture:
German, Schwäbisch Gmünd
Medium:
Steel, wood (cherry), ivory, mother-of-pearl
Dimensions:
L. 41 5/8 in. (105.7 cm); L. of barrel 30 13/16 in. (78.3 cm); L. of lock 7 1/8 in. (18.1 cm); Cal. .56 in. (14.2 mm); Wt. 7 lb. 11 oz. (3500 g)
Classification:
Firearms
Credit Line:
Gift of Stephen V. Grancsay, 1942
Accession Number:
42.50.8
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 375
Johann Michael Maucher was the most famous member of a Schwabian family of ivory, wood, and amber carvers. He specialized in decorating gunstocks in intricately carved walnut inlaid with panels of ivory worked in relief depicting hunting subjects and allegorical figures. Firearms with such luxurious decoration presumably were valued more for their artistic virtuosity than for their practical use as sporting arms.
Inscription: Inscribed on the ivory plaque on the butt: Got mit uns (God with us).

Marking: Marked at the top of the butt: a monogram consisting of an M within another M.
Ex. coll.: Prince Johann von und zu Liechtenstein, VaduzClarence H. Mackay, New York (until d. 1938; sold through his estate to Grancsay before July 15, 1940); Stephen V. Grancsay, New York (by July 15, 1940–1942; acquired by MMA).
Brno, Czech Republic. Mährisches Landesmuseum. "Austellung von Waffen, Kriegs- und Jagd-Geräthen," September 15–December 27, 1885, pl. XIII.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Loan Exhibition of European Arms and Armor," August 3, 1931–September 27, 1931.

Prokop, August, and Wendelin Boeheim. Kunstgewerbliches Aus Der Veranstalteten Ausstellung Von Waffen, Kriegs Und Jagdgeräthen. Brünn: Mährisches Gewerbe-Museum, 1886. pl. XIII.

American Art Galleries. Anonymous Sale of European Arms and Armor. New York: American Art Galleries, November 19–20, 1926. no. 214, pl. XXIV.

Berliner, Rudolf. "Die Bildwerke in Elfenbein, Knochen, Hirsch- und Steinbockhorn." Die Bildewerke pt. 4 (1926). p. 105, nos. 832–37 (firearms aby Maucher).

Grancsay, Stephen V. "A Gun Carved by Johann Michael Maucher." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin (April 1931). pp. 98–100.

Grancsay, Stephen V. Loan Exhibition of European Arms and Armor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, August 3 to September 27, 1931. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1931. no. 265.

Støckel, Johan F. Haandskydevaabens Bedømmelse. Vol. 1. Copenhagen: Nordlundes Bogtrykkeri, 1938. p. 202, fig. 765 (Maucher's biography and maker's mark).

Grancsay, Stephen V. "Carved Gunstocks by Johann Michael Maucher." The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 2 (1939). pp. 43–53, figs. 1, 4, 6, 8, 19.

Grancsay, Stephen V. "Enriched Historical Arms." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 7, no. 4 (December 1948). p. 108, ill.

Nickel, Helmut. "Arms and Armor from the Permanent Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, no. 1 (Summer 1991). pp. 44–45, 64, ill.

Ehmer, Angelika. Die Maucher: Eine Kunsthandwerkerfamilie Des 17. Jahrhunderts Aus Schwäbisch Gmünd. Schwäbisch Gmünd: Einhorn-Verlag E. Dientenberger, 1992. pp. 126–27, no. CI 10, figs. 62–63.



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