This vase combines the distinctive neck of the so-called Shape VII oinochoe with a naturalistic head of a young black African boy. His curls and the central rosette were made separately. Vases in figural form were popular items in several Mediterranean cultures. The Etruscans produced both terracotta and metal versions.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. Handbook of the Etruscan Collection. p. 46, figs. 134-35, New York: Marchbanks Press.
Beazley, John D. 1947. Etruscan Vase Painting. no. 4, p. 187, pl. 40.4, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Snowden, Frank M., Jr. 1970. Blacks in Antiquity: Ethiopians in the Greco-Roman Experience. pp. 27, 57, fig. 29, Cambridge: Belknap Press.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 359, pp. 305, 475, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 6.58, p. 218, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.