Copy or adaptation of a Greek portrait of the early 3rd century B.C.
The flat fillet worn by this young man is an insignium of kingship. He has been identified as one of the Macedonian Greek kings who ruled the new kingdoms formed in the lands that Alexander the Great had conquered in the late fourth century B.C. The head was once part of the collection of antiquities formed in the early seventeenth century in Rome by the Marchese Vincenzo Giustiniani.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 135, pp. 77-78, pls. 100a-b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Fusconi, Giulia. 2001. I Giustiniani e l'Antico : Palazzo Fontana di Trevi, Roma 26 ottobre 2001-27 gennaio 2002. cat. 21, pp. 244-7, pl. 21 b,c, Roma: L'Erma di Bretschneider.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 210, pp. 183, 446-47, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.