Restorations made during the early 17th century: both legs, the plinth, the support at the left leg, pieces in the lion’s skin. The arms were also restored but have been removed.
Roman copy of Greek original
This statue and the over-life-sized statue of Hercules across the courtyard in all probability were made as a pair to decorate one of the great spaces in a large public bath. Although they are much restored, their stance and attributes are essentially correct and are variants on long-established statue types that probably originated in images of the Greek hero Herakles dating to the fourth century B.C. They were part of the large collection of ancient sculpture assembled in Rome at the beginning of the seventeenth century by a wealthy Genoese banker, the Marchese Vincenzo Giustiniani.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 142, 282, pl. 122a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 121, pp. 73-74, pl. 93, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4: Eros-Herakles. Herakles, no. 465, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.
Fusconi, Giulia. 2001. I Giustiniani e l'Antico : Palazzo Fontana di Trevi, Roma 26 ottobre 2001-27 gennaio 2002. cat. 5, pp. 189-92, pl. 5a, Roma: L'Erma di Bretschneider.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 452, pp. 387, 494, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.