The type, which clearly imitates more expensive metal vessels, is associated with Volterran workshops. In this case, a definite source of inspiration was Gnathian pottery from Southern Italy. Like this jug, Late Gnathian oinochoai are often ribbed and have elegantly curved handles that terminate in a satyr-head attachment and decorative borders in added color at the shoulder.
Beazley, John D. 1947. Etruscan Vase Painting. no. 26, p. 254, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2008. "A Third-Century B.C.E. Etruscan Tomb Group from Bolsena in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." American Journal of Archaeology, 112: pp. 430-31, fig. 3.
de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 6.30, pp. 194-5, 208, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.