Obverse, chariot setting out Reverse, frontal chariot
Chariot scenes are popular on black-figure vases of the late sixth century B.C. The ample surfaces provided by the newly invented amphora type A, characterized by the flanged handles and foot in two degrees, accommodated the dense compositions. As this work excellently demonstrates, artists were interested in displaying their skill, depicting the chariot in both side and front views. The scene on the obverse differs from that of the departure of Herakles for Mount Olympos only in the nature of the participants. The figures here are Greek hoplites. In the apotheosis of Herakles, the figures are gods, as indicated by their attributes.
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. pp. 3-4, figs. 6-7, New York: Plantin Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1944. Greek Painting: The Development of Pictoral Representation from Archaic to Graeco-Roman Times. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 61, 202, pl. 42e, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1956. Attic Black-figure Vase-painters. pp. 338, 694, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. pp. 148, 150, 430, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Yonah, Michael Avi and Israel Shatzman. 1975. Illustrated Encyclopaedia of the Classical World. p. 374, New York: Harper & Row.