Terracotta column-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)
ca. 520–510 B.C.
H. 13 1/2 in. (34.3 cm)
diameter 13 1/8 in. (33.3 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1906
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 155
Obverse and reverse, between eyes, mask of Dionysos and of a satyr
During the last quarter of the sixth century B.C., the decoration of many drinking vessels consisted of themes relating to Dionysos, the god of wine. Here the main subject is a mask of Dionysos; a frequent alternative is the mask of a satyr. The popularity of the wine god in Archaic Attic art reflects initiatives of the ruling family, the Peisistratids, that concerned cults, festivals, and public performances involving Dionysos.
Metzger, Henri. 1951. Les représentations dans la céramique attique du IVe siècle. no. 16, pp. 24, 82, 86, Paris: E. de Boccard.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 63, 205, pl. 45d, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. no. 36, Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.
Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. no. 16, pp. 24, 82, 86, 90-94, 117, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.