Exterior, obverse and reverse, combat between spectators
Compared with the Little Master cups—the Lip cups and Band cups—that predominated in Athens during the middle of the sixth century B.C., this example shows a deeper bowl that permitted a more expansive scene on the exterior. Such kylikes became established during the third quarter of the century, thanks especially to the innovations of the potter and painter Exekias.
Said to be from Tarentum
Richter, Gisela M. A., Marjorie J. Milne, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1922. Shapes of Greek Vases. New York.
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. p. 25, fig. 159, New York: Plantin Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. United States of America. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Attic Black-Figured Kylikes., Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. United States of America., Vol. 11, fasc. 2. pls. XXIII, XL, Cambridge, Ma: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 59, 201, pl. 41b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1956. Attic Black-figure Vase-painters. pp. 199, 689, no. 1 top, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 5. p. 446, fig. 577, Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 80, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Gebauer, Jörg. 2002. Pompe und Thysia: Attische Tieropferdarstellungen auf schwarz- und rotfigurigen Vasen. p. 92 n. 412, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag.