Obverse, Greeks fighting Amazons Reverse, maenad between two satyrs
In many Attic vases of the fourth century B.C., the figural decoration and the surface of the vase are no longer in the perfect harmony that earlier vase-painters were able to achieve. The bodies seem almost three-dimensional, and the composition is confused apparently in an attempt to imitate large contemporary panel and wall paintings. The addition of much white, yellow, and gilding is typical of what is traditionally known as the "Kerch style" because many such vases have been found in princely tombs in the area of Kerch in the Crimea on the northern shore of the Black Sea.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 115, 255, pl. 95c, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1475, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Pinney, Gloria Ferrari and Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway. 1979. Aspects of Ancient Greece no. 50, pp. 106-7, Allentown, Penn.: Allentown Art Museum.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Amazones, no. 358, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 204, pp. 174, 441, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.