The molded part is in the form of a cow's head. On the wheel-made lip, women and youths.
The molded, figural part of the vase is in the shape of a cow's head. The meaning of these plastic vases is difficult to grasp. To some degree, the animal forms hark back to the prototypes that came to Greece from the East. By the classical period, however, the criteria for selection probably included novelty and, it would seem, a contrast to the usual surroundings of an urban, Athenian symposiast (participant in a drinking party).
Said to be from Vulci
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Richter, Gisela M. A., Marjorie J. Milne, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1922. Shapes of Greek Vases. New York.
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. pp. 28–29, fig. 180, New York: Plantin Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 87, 229, pl. 69h, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. no. 2, p. 777, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 417, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Yonah, Michael Avi and Israel Shatzman. 1975. Illustrated Encyclopaedia of the Classical World. p. 439, New York: Harper & Row.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 136, pp. 124, 432, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.