Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Achilles Painter
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 460–450 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 14.5 in. (36.8 cm) diameter 17.5 in. (44.5 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1907
Accession Number:
07.286.81
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 159
Obverse, warrior and man
Reverse, Nike (the personification of victory) and youth

Individual characterization is rare in Attic vase-painting, but there are notable exceptions. The head of the wizened warrior on the obverse, with his unkempt hair, long bony nose, and furrowed brow, bespeaks a specific non-Athenian person. Identifying him is complicated by an inscription incised before the background glaze was applied and, therefore, difficult to read. The preferred interpretation is that this is Tereus, the king of Thrace, who seriously mistreated Philomela and Prokne, the daughters of King Pandion of Athens. Here Tereus may be asking Pandion for permission to marry Prokne.
Inscription: Inscribed: "Hegeleos is fair"
Richter, Gisela M. A., Marjorie J. Milne, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1922. Shapes of Greek Vases. New York.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 56, 58, fig. 71, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 56, 58, fig. 71, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 78, 410, fig. 193, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 99, 240, pl. 80a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. pp. 991, 1677, no. 61, Add. 1, pp. 986-1001, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kron, Uta. 1976. Die zehn attischen Phylenheroen: Geschichte, Mythos, Kult, und Darstellungen. cat. P6, p. 263, Berlin: Mann.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. no. 60, pls. 14-15, Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Eos, no. 129, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Boardman, John. 1989. Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Classical Period, a Handbook. fig. 114, London: Thames and Hudson, London.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Pandion, no. 13, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

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