Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)
Attributed to the Achilles Painter
ca. 460–450 B.C.
H. 14.5 in. (36.8 cm)
diameter 17.5 in. (44.5 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1907
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 159
Obverse, warrior and man Reverse, Nike (the personification of victory) and youth
Individual characterization is rare in Attic vase-painting, but there are notable exceptions. The head of the wizened warrior on the obverse, with his unkempt hair, long bony nose, and furrowed brow, bespeaks a specific non-Athenian person. Identifying him is complicated by an inscription incised before the background glaze was applied and, therefore, difficult to read. The preferred interpretation is that this is Tereus, the king of Thrace, who seriously mistreated Philomela and Prokne, the daughters of King Pandion of Athens. Here Tereus may be asking Pandion for permission to marry Prokne.
Inscription: Inscribed: "Hegeleos is fair"
Richter, Gisela M. A., Marjorie J. Milne, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1922. Shapes of Greek Vases. New York.
McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 56, 58, fig. 71, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 56, 58, fig. 71, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 78, 410, fig. 193, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 99, 240, pl. 80a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. pp. 991, 1677, no. 61, Add. 1, pp. 986-1001, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Kron, Uta. 1976. Die zehn attischen Phylenheroen: Geschichte, Mythos, Kult, und Darstellungen. cat. P6, p. 263, Berlin: Mann.