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Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Methyse Painter
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 450 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 19 1/2 in. (49.5 cm) diameter 22 1/4 in. (56.5 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1907
Accession Number:
07.286.85
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 157
Obverse and reverse, Dionysos, the god of wine, with his followers, satyrs and maenads

Belonging to the group around the Villa Giulia Painter, the Methyse Painter takes his name from the lyre-playing maenad in front of Dionysos (methyse means "drunk"). The figures' incipient inebriation is subtly suggested. The key is Dionysos—slow-moving with downcast, introverted expression and stabilized by a young satyr who wraps his arms around the god's middle. The satyrs and maenads on the reverse are more active. One maenad holds her thyrsos (fennel stalk) ready to parry an assault. The figures under each handle are engaged in an eternal pursuit.
Inscription: The names are inscribed: Oinobios, Maleos, and Myris; Methyse, Chryseis, and Mainas
Said to be from Numana

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 122, fig. 78, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 127-28, fig. 84, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 127-28, fig. 84, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Bieber, Margarete. 1939. The History of the Greek and Roman Theater. p. 11, fig. 18, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. pp. 92, 106, figs. 32m, 78, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 86, 228, pl. 68b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. pp. 92, 106, figs. 32m, 78, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 632, no. 3, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Chryseis II, no. 1; Dionysos, no. 320, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Maas, Martha and Jane McIntosh Snyder. 1989. Stringed Instruments of Ancient Greece. pp. 114, 123, 137, fig. 19, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Mainas, no. 4; Maelos, no. 1; Methyse, no. 1; Myris, no. 1, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Oinobios, no. 1, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 145, pp. 132, 433, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

de Menil Gallery. 2009. Uncovering Ancient Greece: Fifty Years of Archaeological Discoveries of Hugh Sackett. p. 13, Groton: The de Menil Gallery, Groton School.

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