The special shape of this oinochoe indicates that it had some connection with the Anthesteria, the celebration of the new wine in which children and the god Dionysos figured prominently. The youth at the left replaces the cover of the thymiaterion after filling it with incense; he needs to stand on tiptoe. His companion extends his hand to help if necessary. The oinochoe on the ground suggests that the depicted activity was accompanied by a libation and had particular significance.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1909. "The Department of Classical Art: The Accessions of 1908--IV. Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 4(6): p. 105.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. p. 137, fig. 106, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 102, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. p. 137, fig. 106, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1208, no. 39, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Zaccagnino, Cristiana. 1998. Il Thymiaterion nel Mondo Greco: analisi delle fonti, tipologia, impieghi. p. 132, Roma: L'Erma di Bretschneider.