During the Classical period, centaurs—mythical creatures, half horse and half man—represented to the Greeks the wild, uncivilized aspects of man, but by the second century B.C., they were far more tame and appeared in bucolic park-like settings together with Eros, god of love, and the entourage of Dionysos. This powerful torso carved in rosso antico comes from a statue of a young centaur. It was attached to the body of a horse that must have been carved in a different color marble. The original Hellenistic statue was probably bronze and one of a pair of centaurs, one old and one young, that were meant to be viewed together. A baby Eros straddled the back of each, inciting the young male and restraining the old one in a poignant evocation of sexual decline. A number of Roman copies survive; the most celebrated pair, carved in black marble, was found in 1736 at Hadrian’s Villa near Rome, and they are now among the most famous ancient works in the Capitoline Museum in Rome.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 210, pp. 107-8, pls. 148c-e, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 433, pp. 372, 490, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Allen, Mont. 2015. "Technique and Message in Roman Art." A Companion to Roman Art, Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, Barbara E. Borg, ed. p. 161, fig. 8.3, see insert for color image of fig. 8.3, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.