Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta pyxis (box)

Attributed to the manner of the Meidias Painter
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 420–410 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H.: 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm) Diam.: 4 in. (10.2 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1909
Accession Number:
09.221.40a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 159
Aphrodite attended by ladies

The representation here shows the typical Athenian lady surrounded by attendants holding caskets and vases for oil. Its significance is altered by the inscripitions, which identify Aphrodite as the seated figure and her companions as Peitho (Persuasion), Hygeia (Health), Eudaimonia (Good Fortune), Eukleia (Good Repute), Eunomia (Good Order), Paideia (Culture). The pyxis was undoubtedly a wedding gift.
Inscription: Names inscribed: Aphrodite, Peitho, Hygieia, Eudaimonia, Eukleia, Eunomia, Paideia
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1910. "Department of Classical Art: The Accessions of 1909--III. Vases and Terra-Cottas." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 5 (6): pp. 143, 145, fig. 7.

Richter, Gisela M. A., Marjorie J. Milne, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1922. Shapes of Greek Vases. New York.

Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. p. 21, fig. 145, New York: Plantin Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 103, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1328, no. 99, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Wehgartner, Irma. 1983. Attisch Weissgrundige Keramik: Maltechniken, Werkstätten, Formen, Verwendung. p. 217, n. 15, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1984. Aphrodisias-Athena, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 2. Aphrodite, no. 1263; Aponia, no. I, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Jacquemin, Anne and Jean-Jacques Maffre. 1986. "Nouveaux vases grecs de la collection Zénon Piéridès à Larnaca (Chypre)." Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique, 110(1): p. 196 n. 69.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Eudaimonia I, no. 6; Eukleia, no. 6, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Sobel, Hildegard. 1990. Hygieia: Die Göttin der Gesundheit. no. 6, p. 75, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

Shapiro, Harvey Alan. 1993. Personifications in Greek Art: The Representation of Abstract Concepts, 600-400 B.C.. fig.1,83,141,162, Zürich: Akanthus.

Söldner, Magdalene. 1993. "Statuenbasen?." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, 108: p. 301 n. 318.

Lonsdale, Steven. 1993. Dance and Ritual Play in Greek Religion. pp. 33-4, fig. 6, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Paidia, no. 4; Peitho, no. 29, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Ferrari, Gloria. 1995. "The End of Aponia." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 30: pp. 17-8, figs. 1-2.

Boegehold, Alan L. 1999. When a Gesture Was Expected. p. 34, figs. 27-8, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Osborne, Robin. 2000. "The Art of Personification on Athenian Red-Figure Pottery." Apollo, 152: p. 12, fig. 6.

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