The iconography of this vase is emphatically martial. On the neck, a warrior appears between two horses; on the body is a procession of chariots. The painted decoration is enhanced by snakes added in clay. Snakes are traditionally associated with death because they can burrow under the ground and periodically shed their skin, a sign of renewal.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1911. "Department of Classical Art: The Accessions of 1910--II. Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 6(2): pp. 30, 33, fig. 6.
Alexander, Christine. 1939. Early Greek Art: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Cook, J. M. 1947. "Athenian Workshops Around 700." Annual of the British School at Athens, 42: p. 150.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 25, 175, pl. 15c, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Kauffmann-Samaras, Aliki. 1954. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. France. Musée du Louvre.. Louvre 18, 8 500, s. 502 etc., Paris: E. Champion.
Coldstream, John Nicolas. 1968. Greek Geometric Pottery: A Survey of Ten Local Styles and Their Chronology. p. 81 n. 1, London: Methuen.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Tokyo National Museum, and Kyoto Municipal Museum. 1972. Treasured Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 28, fig. 28, Tokyo: Tokyo National Museum.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. no. 15, Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.
Moore, Mary B. 2004. "Horse Care as Depicted on Greek Vases before 400 B.C." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 39: pp. 35, 37-8, fig. 4.