Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Onyx cameo of the emperor Gaius (Caligula)

Period:
Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian
Date:
ca. A.D. 37–43
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Onyx
Dimensions:
Overall: 1 11/16 x 1 1/4 x 9/16in. (4.3 x 3.1 x 1.5cm)
Classification:
Gems
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1911
Accession Number:
11.195.7
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 166
Caligula is represented here as a victorious general—the triumphant “imperator,” but in fact, he did not win any wars for Rome. His lack of military success and prowess alienated him from the army, and without its support, his rule became increasingly insecure. He was assassinated in Rome when aged only twenty-eight.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1920. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style. no. 331, pp. 162-63, pl. 73, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1948. Roman Portraits, 2nd edn. no. 38, p. iii, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1949. "Glyptic Portraits of the late Republic and early Empire in the Metropolitan Museum." Hommages à Joseph Bidez et à Franz Cumont. p. 301, Brussels: Latomus, revue d'études latines.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1956[1920]. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style: Greek Etruscan, and Roman. no. 651, p. 131, pl. 74, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Varner, Eric R. 2000. From Caligula to Constantine: Tyranny and Transformation in Roman Portraiture no. 13, pp. 112-13, Atlanta: Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 2006[1920]. Catalogue of Engraved Gems of the Classical Style: Greek Etruscan, and Roman, 2nd edn. no. 651, p. 131, pl. 74, color pl. 22, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Draper, James David. 2008. "Cameo Appearances." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 65(4): p. 14, fig. 20.

von den Hoff, Ralf. 2009. "Caligula. zur visuellen reprasentation eines romischen kaisers." Archäologischer Anzeiger, : p. 255, pl. 13.

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