Art/ Collection/ Art Object
{{img.publicCaption}}

Terracotta loutrophoros (ceremonial vase for water)

Attributed to the Darius Painter
Period:
Late Classical
Date:
ca. 340–330 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, South Italian, Apulian
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 36 5/8 in. (93 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1911
Accession Number:
11.210.3a, b
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 162
On the body, above, obverse, male deity adjudicating between Persephone and Aphrodite regarding Adonis; reverse, seated youth and woman with three women
Below, all around, youth at a stele (grave marker) between youths and women
On the shoulder, obverse and reverse, head of a woman
On the lid, head of a woman

The Tarentine predilection for disciplined yet exuberant embellishment is applied here to an imposing vase with deeply serious iconography. In the primary scene, Persephone and Aphrodite, who both laid claim to the beautiful hunter Adonis, await a judgment from the deity seated between them. He may be interpreted as Zeus or as Hades, ruler of the Underworld. Differing versions of the verdict allowed the hero to divide his time between the goddesses. In the zone below, a youth is isolated between a grave monument and a laver as figures approach from either side. The themes of death and the Underworld are complemented with luxuriant vegetation. The myth of the death and rebirth of Adonis is connected with seasonal change, and the abundant vegetation on this loutrophoros could symbolize rebirth, an appropriate theme for a funeral vase.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1912. "Department of Classical Art: Recent Accessions." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 7(5): p. 95, fig. 2.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 147, fig. 92, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1926. Ancient Furniture: A History of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Furniture. p. 22, fig. 54, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 184-85, fig. 126, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 184-85, fig. 126, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 117, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1966. The Furniture of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans. p. 136, fig. 645, London: Phaidon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. Perspective in Greek and Roman Art. p. 41, n. 2, fig. 167, New York and London: Phaidon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Adonis, no. 5, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Mayo, Margaret Ellen and Kenneth Hamma. 1982. The Art of South Italy: Vases from Magna Graecia p. 26, Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1984. Aphrodisias-Athena, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 2. Aphrodite, no. 1553, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Persephone, no. 290, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 170, pp. 151, 437, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Trendall, Arthur Dale. 2016. Myth, Drama and Style in South Italian Vase-Painting: Selected Papers by A.D. Trendall, Ian Mcphee, ed. pp. 60, 257, 266, Uppsala: Paul Aströms Förlag.

Related Objects

Hydria

Date: ca. 340–320 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 58.113 On view in:Not on view

Calyx-krater, fragment

Date: ca. 330–320 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 1984.323.1 On view in:Not on view

Pelike

Date: ca. 330–310 B.C. Medium: Terracotta Accession: 48.189.1 On view in:Not on view