The man is shown with the beard and short-cropped hair typical of the third century A.D. Likewise, his toga has the broad fold across the chest that is found on many life-sized marble portrait busts of the period. Although this bronze bust displays a high degree of individual characterization, the subject has not been identified with a known historical figure.
Private collection, Rome (?); [until 1913, with U. Simonetti, Rome]; acquired in 1913, purchased from U. Simonetti.
Purchased by John Marshall from U. Simonetti (“from an old collection in Rome”)
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1914. "Department of Classical Art Accessions 1913: Bronzes." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 9 (4): pp. 92–93, fig. 3.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1915. Greek, Etruscan and Roman Bronzes. no. 335, pp. 153–54, New York: Gilliss Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1941. Roman Portraits, Vol. 2. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1948. Roman Portraits, 2nd edn. no. 98, p. vi, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Dahmen, Karsten. 2001. Untersuchungen zu Form und Funktion kleinformatiger Porträts der römischen Kaiserzeit. p. 193 n. 185, pl. 185, Münster: Scriptorium.
Zanker, Paul. 2016. Roman Portraits: Sculptures in Stone and Bronze in the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 64, pp. 115, 176–78, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.