Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Marble portrait bust of the emperor Gaius, known as Caligula

Period:
Early Imperial, Julio-Claudian
Date:
A.D. 37–41
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
H. 20 in. (50.8 cm) length 7 1/16 in. (18 cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1914
Accession Number:
14.37
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 162
The portrait style created for Augustus was adopted by his family and immediate successors in order to stress the unity and continuity of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. This fine bust of Caligula (r. A.D. 37– 41) has regular features and carefully designed locks of hair similar to those in portraits of Augustus. Here, however, the artist has also conveyed something of Caligula’s vanity and cruelty in the proud turn of the head and the thin, pursed lips.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1914. "Department of Classical Art Accessions 1913." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 9 (3): pp. 60-1, figs. 2-3.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 247, fig. 151, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 293, 295, fig. 206, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 293, 295, fig. 206, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1941. Roman Portraits, Vol. 1. no. 20, p. 4, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1948. Roman Portraits, 2nd edn. no. 36, p. iii, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. no. 95, Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.

Milleker, Elizabeth J. 2000. The Year One: Art of the Ancient World East and West no. 14, pp. 34, 205, New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 413, pp. 358, 486, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. p. 77, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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