Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Terracotta krater

Attributed to the Hirschfeld Workshop
Period:
Geometric
Date:
ca. 750–735 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta
Dimensions:
H. 42 5/8 in. (108.3 cm) diameter 28 1/2 in. (72.4 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1914
Accession Number:
14.130.14
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 150
Monumental grave markers were first introduced during the Geometric period. They were large vases, often decorated with funerary representations. It was only in the Archaic period that stone sculptures were used as funerary monuments. On this magnificent krater, the main scene occupies the widest portion of the vase and shows the deceased laid upon a bier surrounded by members of his household and, at either side, mourners. For optimal clarity, the dead man is shown on his side, and the checkered shroud that would normally cover the body has been raised and regularized into a long rectangle with two projections. The zone below shows a procession of chariots and foot soldiers. The figures may refer to the military exploits of the deceased. Because hourglass shields and chariots played a more limited role at this time than in the earlier Bronze Age, the scene more likely evokes the glorious ancestry and traditions to which the dead man belonged.
Found in Attica (Richter 1915, p. 71).

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1915. "Department of Classical Art: Geometric Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 10 (4): pp. 70-2, fig. 1.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1915. "Two Colossal Athenian Geometric or "Dipylon" Vases in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." American Journal of Archaeology, 19(4): pp. 385-97, pls. XVII-XX, XXIII, 1.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 41, fig. 21, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

McClees, Helen. 1924. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections. p. 124, ill p 12, fig. 148, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1926. Ancient Furniture: A History of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Furniture. p. 23, 67-7, fig. 57, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 48-49, fig. 27, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 48-49, fig. 27, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 126-27, 129, fig. 155, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936[1934]. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1939. Guide to the Collections: Ancient and Oriental Art--Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Greek and Roman Far Eastern, Near Eastern Oriental Armor, Vol. 1, World's Fair Edition. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Alexander, Christine. 1939. Early Greek Art: A Picture Book. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 126-27, 129, fig. 155, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Villard, François. 1949. "Un nouveau cratère du Dipylon au Musée du Louvre." Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire offerts à Charles Picard à l'occasion de son 65e anniversaire, Vol. 2. p. 1071 n. 3, Paris: Presses universitaires de France.

Metzger, Henri. 1951. Les représentations dans la céramique attique du IVe siècle. no. 6, pp. 24, 30, 46, Paris: E. de Boccard.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 24, 174, pls. 14b, 14e, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 1. p. 674, fig. 862, Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.

Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 3. p. 823, fig. 1020, Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.

Marwitz, Herbert. 1961. "Ein attisch-geometrischer Krater in New York." Antike Kunst, 4: pp. 44 n. 29, 45 n. 31.

Carpenter, Rhys. 1962. Greek Art: A Study of the Formal Evolution of Style. pp. 43-6, fig. 6, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1966. The Furniture of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans. pp. 19, 50, 55, fig. 293, London: Phaidon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 75, 79, fig. 10.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.

Benson, Jack Leonard. 1970. Horse, Bird and Man: The Origins of Greek Paintings. pp. 53, 58, 59, 83, 93, 96, 107, 145 n. 23, 152 n. 21, 157 n. 8, pl. XVI, fig. 3, pl. XXV, figs. 12, 20, pl. XXXIII, fig. 2, pl. XLI, fig. 4, Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.

Ahlberg-Cornell, Gudrun. 1971. Fighting on Land and Sea in Greek Geometric Art. pp. 61-2, fig. 56, Stockholm: Svenska Institutet i Athen.

Ahlberg-Cornell, Gudrun. 1971. Prothesis and Ekphora in Greek Geometric Art, Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology. fig. 25, Göteborg: Paul Aströms Förlag.

Greenhalgh, Paul. 1973. Early Greek Warfare: Horsemen and Chariots in the Homeric and Archaic Ages. no. 7, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. no. 7, pp. 8, 22-23 , Karlsruhe: Müller.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. p. 22, pl. 7, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Mertens, Joan R. 1998. "Some Long Thoughts on Early Cycladic Sculpture." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 33: pp. 14-5, fig. 13.

Weber, Martha. 1999. "Die bildsprache des Hirschfeldkraters." Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung, 114: p. 36 n 22.

Oakley, John H., Lesley A. Beaumont, H. Alan Shapiro, and Jenifer Neils. 2003. "Death and the Child." Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past, Jenifer Neils, John H. Oakley, and Katherine Hart, eds. p. 164, fig. 2, New Haven: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College.

Moore, Mary B. 2003. "The Passas Painter: A Protoattic 'Realist'?." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 38: pp. 15-6, 28, 32-4, fig. 1.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 29, pp. 48, 413, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. no. 6, pp. 24, 30, 46, 52-57, 59, 73, 98, 134, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. p. 63, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Coleman, Kathleen M. 2015. "Approaching the Visual in Ancient Culture: Principles." Images for Classicists, Loeb Classical Monographs, vol. 15, Kathleen M. Coleman, ed. p.6, fig. 1.6, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

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