Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta column-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Pan Painter
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 470–460 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 14 7/8 in. (37.8 cm) diameter of mouth 13 1/16 in. (33.2 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1916
Accession Number:
16.72
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 157
Obverse, Dionysos followed by attendant satyr
Reverse, satyr with skyphos (deep drinking cup)

A pupil of Myson, the Pan Painter was one of the best artists of his generation. Here he depicts Dionysos, the god of wine, enfolded in an ample cloak and crowned with a large ivy wreath, evidently on his way to a specific destination. The satyr behind him carries a cushioned stool, a kantharos—the drinking vessel most characteristic of Dionysos—and a branch of ivy. On the reverse, a satyr seems to welcome them with a skyphos. The god is subtly juxtaposed with his helpers who, despite their meticulous grooming and obedient service, do not entirely overcome their animal natures.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1916. "Recent Accessions of Greek Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 11(12): pp. 254, 256, fig. 5.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1917. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 103, fig. 62, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A., Marjorie J. Milne, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1922. Shapes of Greek Vases. New York.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1925. "Athenian Red-Figured Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 20(5): p. 129.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1926. Ancient Furniture: A History of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Furniture. p. 30, n. 5, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 122-23, fig. 81, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. pp. 122-23, fig. 81, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 31-32, 56, 72, fig. 33, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. p. 7, fig. 47, New York: Plantin Press.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 31-32, 56, 72, fig. 33, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 170, 512, fig. 482, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 84, 225, pl. 65a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 551, no. 6, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1986. Atherion-Eros, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 3. Dionysos, no. 255, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Scheibler, Ingeborg. 2000. "Attische Skyphoi für attische Feste." Antike Kunst, 43: p. 19 n 12, pl. 51.

Smith, Amy C. 2006. "The Evolution of the Pan Painter’s Artistic Style." Hesperia, 75: p. 449 n 67.

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