Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta column-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 560–500 B.C.
Culture:
Etruscan
Medium:
Terracotta; bucchero pesante
Dimensions:
H. 16 1/8 in. (41 cm); diameter of mouth 13 9/16 in. (34.5 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1916
Accession Number:
16.174.8
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 170
Large column-kraters with decorative straps bridging the gap between shoulder and rim are typical of bucchero workshops in the Vulci area during the sixth century B.C. This bucchero pesante (heavy bucchero) example is unusual in that it has six straps, rather than the normal two, and the largest are decorated with striding lions, not human masks. A truncated warrior, equipped with crested helmet, armor or cloak, and two large spears, appears on the four smaller straps. The shape is ultimately derived from Corinthian metallic and ceramic models. When they have human masks, the straps may derive from a type of Corinthian pyxis (cosmetics jar). Thus, the Etruscan potter, although inspired by Greek models, has created an entirely new hybrid.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1921. "Classical Accessions. III. Etruscan Pottery." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 16 (5): p. 105, fig. 7.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. Handbook of the Etruscan Collection. p. 40, figs. 124-25, New York: Marchbanks Press.

de Puma, Richard Daniel. 1974. "A Bucchero Pesante Column Krater in Iowa." Studi Etruschi, 42: pp. 30-1, pl. V, b.

de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 4.82b, p. 104, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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