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Bronze statuette of a young woman

Period:
Archaic
Date:
late 6th century B.C.
Culture:
Etruscan
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
H. 11 9/16 in. (29.4 cm)
Classification:
Bronzes
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Accession Number:
17.190.2066
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 170
This statue, perhaps the best-known Etruscan figural bronze in the Museum's collection, was produced at one of the major bronze working centers, probably Vulci or Chiusi. The artist was clearly inspired by archaic Greek korai, votive statues of young women, a connection especially noticeable in the typical frontal pose with right hand extended and left hand holding the garment. However, the sculptor was not especially concerned about the accurate depiction of costume. The Greek himation (cloak), for example, is misrepresented. The folds so prominently visible from the front are absent on the back of the statue, perhaps an indication that the artist was looking at a two-dimensional source such as a relief sculpture or vase painting rather than a sculpture in the round. In any case, he clearly was more interested in rich surface embellishment than in realistic rendering of drapery and produced a wealth of engraved details in the hair, jewelry, sewn seams, decorated hems, and drapery folds. The pointed shoes (calcei repandi), here elaborately rendered with meticulously detailed laces and floral ornament, are distinctively Etruscan. The figure's left foot is a modern restoration.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1912. "An Archaic Etruscan Statuette." American Journal of Archaeology, 16 (3): pls. III, IV.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1915. Greek, Etruscan and Roman Bronzes. no. 56, pp. 34-38, New York: Gilliss Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. Handbook of the Etruscan Collection. p. 28, fig. 71, New York: Marchbanks Press.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1950. Small Sculptures in Bronze: A Picture Book. p. 17, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Teitz, Richard Stuart. 1967. Masterpieces of Etruscan Art. no. 30, pp. 44-45, 146-47, Worcester, Mass.: Davis Press.

Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. no. 32, p. 48 , Karlsruhe: Müller.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 32, p. 48, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Fabing, Suzannah. 1988. "Etruscan Bronzes." The Gods Delight: The Human Figure in Classical Bronze, Arielle Kozloff and David Gordon Mitten, eds. no. 33, pp. 194-99, Cleveland: Cleveland Museum of Art.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 324, pp. 282, 471, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 4.27, pp. 9, 70, 72, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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