Obverse, return of Hephaistos Reverse, Dionysos, the god of wine, and Ariadne among satyrs and maenads
The subject here is the same as on the two kraters by Lydos. The band is treated as a frieze with particular emphasis on the central motif. Hephaistos, who rides his mule as though it were a horse, is escorted by Dionysos. The wine god reappears on the reverse with Ariadne, whom he had rescued when she was abandoned on the island of Naxos. The lively figures and considerable added red and white are most appropriate for a drinking cup that could well have been used with kraters (bowls for mixing wine and water) like those by Lydos.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. United States of America 11. The Metropolitan Museum of Art 2. Attic Black-Figured Kylikes. pl. XIX, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 60, 202, pl. 42a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 78, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.
Beazley, John D. 1986. The Development of Attic Black Figure, Sather Classical Lectures, Vol. 24, 2nd edn. pp. 51, 101, n. 36, pl. 48, 1-2, University of California: University of California Press.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4: Eros-Herakles. Hephaistos, no. 139a, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.
Mackay, Anne. 2001. "The Frontal Face and ‘You’. Narrative Disjunction in Early Greek Poetry and Painting." Acta Classica. Proceedings of the Classical Association of South Africa, 44: p. 25 n. 39.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 87, pp. 85, 422, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Moore, Mary B. 2010. "Hephaistos Goes Home: An Attic Black-figured Column-krater in the Metropolitan Museum." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 45: p. 26, fig. 8.