This head from a funerary relief probably represents a freedman, or former slave, who achieved prosperity after obtaining his freedom. Such reliefs showing busts of family members within a window-like frame were often set into the outer wall of a family's funerary building.
Said to be from Rome
[Until 1917, with Giovanni Fabiani, Rome]; acquired in 1917, purchased from G. Fabiani.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1941. Roman Portraits, Vol. 1. no. 5, pp. 1, 3, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1948. Roman Portraits, 2nd edn. no. 7, p. iii, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Thimme, Jürgen. 1976. Kunst und Kultur der Kykladeninseln im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.: Ausstellung unter d. Patronat des International Council of Museums ICOM im Karlsruher Schloss vom 25. Juni-10. Oktober 1976. no. 66, p. 92, Karlsruhe: Müller.
Gazda, Elaine K. 1977. Roman Portraiture: Ancient & Modern Revivals January 28-April 15, 1977, Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, the University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI: Kelsey Museum of Archaeology.
McCann, Anna Marguerite. 1978. Roman Sarcophagi in the Metropoltian Museum of Art. pp. 19, 21, fig. 10, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Musée & Galerie des Beaux-Arts. 1981. Profil du Metropolitan Museum of Art de New York : de Ramsès à Picasso. no. 53, p. 60, Paris: Musée & Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Bordeaux.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 66, p. 92, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Cohon, Robert. 1996. Discovery and Deceit: Archaeology and the Forger's Craft, The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Bulletin: p. 35, pl. 4.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 2000. The Year One: Art of the Ancient World East and West no. 11, pp. 31, 205, New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Zanker, Paul. 2016. Roman Portraits: Sculptures in Stone and Bronze in the Collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 93, pp. 243–44, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.