Roman version of a Greek work of the 3rd century B.C.
Statues of satyrs, relaxing, dancing, pursuing nymphs, or, as here, admiring themselves proliferated during the third century B.C., as the cult of Dionysus, god of wine and the pleasures it bestows, grew in importance. Such works were both copied and adapted by the Romans to decorate their villa gardens.
M.E.P. 1924. "Miscellaneous Greek and Roman Sculptures." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 19(10): p. 240.
Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. pp. 553, 607, pl. 178d, Cambridge, England.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Silenoi, no. 217b, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.