Obverse, kitharode (performer playing the kithara) Reverse, judge
This vase is a counterpart to that of the Berlin Painter in its general shape, subject, and quality. The performer here is a mature, bearded man who seems to be advancing slowly. His mouth is closed, indicated that he is not singing as he plays. The Pan Painter revels in the detail of the instrument while at the same time showing the sweep of the long garment in perfectly controlled, economic lines.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1923. "Athenian Pottery: Recent Accessions." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 18(11): p. 256.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 84, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 552, no. 30, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Maas, Martha and Jane McIntosh Snyder. 1989. Stringed Instruments of Ancient Greece. pp. 58, 74, fig. 9, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Comotti, Giovanni. 1989. Music in Greek and Roman Culture. p. 62, fig. 6, Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Smith, Amy C. 2006. "The Evolution of the Pan Painter’s Artistic Style." Hesperia, 75: p. 448 n 61.
Padgett, J. Michael. 2017. The Berlin Painter and His World : Athenian Vase-Painting in the Early Fifth Century B.C. p. 241 n. 2, New Haven: Yale University Press.