Obverse, woman ladles wine from a stamnos into a phiale (libation bowl) while companions hold phiale and kantharos Reverse, three women holding thyrsoi
The women preparing wine and holding thyrsoi, the wands associated with maenads, suggest that this scene relates to a festival of Dionysos Lenaios, celebrated in Athens toward the end of January. The original Dionysos Lenaios was a column with a bearded mask. A number of Athenian vases show this idol surrounded by women ladling wine.
Richter, Gisela M. A., Marjorie J. Milne, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1922. Shapes of Greek Vases. New York.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1923. "Athenian Pottery: Recent Accessions." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 18(11): pp. 254–56, fig. 4.
Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. p. 8, New York: Plantin Press.
Hill, Dorothy Kent. 1942. "Wine Ladels and Strainers from Ancient Times." The Journal of the Walters Art Gallery, 5: p. 42.
Beazley, John D. 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. pp. 1072, 1681, middle, Add. 1, pp. 1071-72, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 448, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. pp. 8, 26–27, fig. 13, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.