Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Lead votive plaque

Period:
Imperial
Date:
probably 3rd century A.D.
Culture:
Roman
Medium:
Lead
Dimensions:
H.: 3 3/4 x 3 1/16 in. (9.5 x 7.8 cm)
Classification:
Miscellaneous-Lead
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1921
Accession Number:
21.88.175
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 169
The plaque contains a complex iconography of divine figures and symbols, probably to be associated with Thracian or Dacian beliefs of the Lower Danube region. Presiding over the whole scene is Sol Invictus (the invicible sun-god) in a quadriga (four-horse chariot). His cult originated in the Near East and gained increasing influence under imperial patronage during the third century A.D. The state worship of Sol was only supplanted by Constantine's adoption of Christianity in A.D. 312.
Alexander, Christine. 1931. "A Lead Tablet of the Second Century A.D.." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 26(6): pp. 148-50, figs. 1-2.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 13-14, fig. 16, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936[1934]. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Tudor, D. 1937. Ephemeris Dacoromana, Vol. 7. Roma: Libreria di Scienze e Lettere.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1939. Guide to the Collections: Ancient and Oriental Art--Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Greek and Roman Far Eastern, Near Eastern Oriental Armor, Vol. 1, World's Fair Edition. p. 331 n. 85, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 13-14, fig. 16, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Weitzmann, Kurt. 1979. Age of Spirituality: Late Antique and Early Christian Art, Third to Seventh Century no. 176, pp. 196-97, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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