Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Cassel Painter
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 440–430 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 13 7/8 in. (35.3 cm) diameter of mouth 14 5/8 in. (37.1 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1922
Accession Number:
22.139.11
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 159
Obverse, Kadmos
Reverse, Hermes and Athena

The oracle of Apollo at Delphi directed Kadmos to follow a cow that he would find and to establish a city where she lay down. That site became Thebes, in the region of Boeotia. The only available spring was guarded by a dragon born of Ares, the god of war. With the help of Athena, Kadmos killed the dragon—here depicted as a snake—and from its teeth a population of armed warriors sprang up. Kadmos advances with a hydria to fetch water and a stone and spears to kill the snake. The identity of the woman is unknown; she may be a personification of the city or possibly his future wife, Harmonia, the daughter of Aphrodite and Ares.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1923. "Athenian Pottery: Recent Accessions." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 18(11): p. 256.

Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 4. p. 331, fig. 396, Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. pp. 1083, 1682, no. 5, Add. 1, pp. 1083-86, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Harmonia, no. 4, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Hermes, no. 673; Kadmos I, no. 17, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Shapiro, Harvey Alan. 1993. Personifications in Greek Art: The Representation of Abstract Concepts, 600-400 B.C.. fig. 51, 44, Zürich: Akanthus.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Thebe, no. 7, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Gill, David and Mr. Michael Vickers. 1995. "They were Expendable: Greek Vases in the Etruscan Tomb." Revue des études Anciennes, 97: p. 229 n. 42.

Neumann, Gunter. 1996. "Beitrage zum Kyprischen XVI." Kadmos: Zeitschrift für vor- und frühgrieschische Epigraphik, 35: pp. 39-48.

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