Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Terracotta squat lekythos (oil jar)

Period:
Late Classical
Date:
mid-4th century B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm); diameter 4 3/8 in. (11.1 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1922
Accession Number:
22.139.26
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 171
Events in the Athenian festival of the Adonia

The Adonia was a festival held in summer and dedicated to Adonis, the beautiful young hunter beloved by Aphrodite and killed by a boar. From his spilled blood, flowers issued from the ground. The celebration of the Adonia included setting pots of plants on rooftops to germinate and quickly wither. The lekythos shows a woman on a ladder receiving a planter from Eros, presumably to place on a roof. Similar objects appear in the field. Seated below the ladder is a young man, perhaps Adonis, and behind Eros is a woman, perhaps Aphrodite. The procession of figures behind the goddess may be connected with the ritual.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. p. 160, fig. 124, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 115, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. p. 160, fig. 124, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Adonis, no. 49, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Edwards, Charles M. 1984. "Aphrodite on a Ladder." Hesperia, 53(1): p. 71.

Zaccagnino, Cristiana. 1998. Il Thymiaterion nel Mondo Greco: analisi delle fonti, tipologia, impieghi. p. 162, Roma: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Kaltsas, Nikolaos and H. Alan Shapiro. 2008. Worshiping Women: Ritual and Reality in Classical Athens p. 246, New York: The Alexander S. Onassis Public Benefit Foundation (USA), Inc.

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