Bronze phiale (libation bowl) with rosette on the bottom
Late Classical– Early Hellenistic
4th century B.C.
h.1 7/8 in (4.8 cm); d. 5 9/16 (14.1.cm)
Gift of Edward Perry Warren, 1923
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 171
Phialai decorated with a rosettes in shallow relief have been found in Cyprus, Macedonia, and Asia Minor. However, the depiction of similar bowls in ancient Near Eastern relief sculpture from the late Archaic period suggests that the prototypes for these wares were perhaps the metallic vessels used by the Achaemenid kings of Persia. A glass phiale in the Metropolitan Museum (69.11.6) from the sixth century B.C., which closely parallels the bronze example in this case, confirms that despite being made in a variety of media, such bowls adhered to a stylistic convention over time.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1924. "Greek and Roman Bronzes: Recent Acquisitions." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 19 (3): p. 70.
Oliver, Andrew Jr. 1970. "Persian Export Glass." Journal of Glass Studies, 12: p. 12 n. 16.