Such vases, which originally would have been supported on a stand and often had a lid, served numerous purposes. They frequently appear in representations of symposia (drinking parties). They also had a funerary function, which was probably the ultimate use of this example.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1924. "Greek and Roman Bronzes: Recent Acquisitions." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 19 (3): p. 69, fig. 4.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. Handbook of the Etruscan Collection. p. 29, n. 24, New York: Marchbanks Press.
de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 4.52b, pp. 82–84, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.