Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to the Villa Giulia Painter
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 460–450 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 14 9/16 in. (37 cm) diameter of mouth 17 5/16 in. (44 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1924
Accession Number:
24.97.96
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 157
Obverse, Apollo between Leto and Artemis
Reverse, old king between two women

The bell-krater with handles became popular during the second quarter of the fifth century B.C. The Villa Giulia Painter used the ample surface to depict dignified, statuesque figures. Apollo, the god of music, appears here with his mother, Leto, and sister, Artemis, the goddess of the hunt, as they offer libations; all have their names inscribed. On the reverse, an elderly man with a scepter faces a woman with a phiale (libation bowl) and oinochoe (jug). The conceit of depicting gods and mortals preparing libations is a recurrent theme—compare the Berlin Painter's stamnos (1988.40) in a nearby case.
Inscription: The names of Leto, Apollo, and Artemis are inscribed.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1925. "Three Red-Figured Greek Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 20(11): pp. 263, 265, figs. 4-5.

Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. p. 8, fig. 60, New York: Plantin Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1946. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey. p. 92, fig. 32l, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 86, 228, pl. 68a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1958[1946]. Attic Red-Figured Vases: A Survey, Revised Edition, 2nd edn. p. 92, fig. 32l, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 619, no. 17, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. no. 59, Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Wehgartner, Irma. 1983. Attisch Weissgrundige Keramik: Maltechniken, Werkstätten, Formen, Verwendung. p. 194, n. 66, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1984. Aphrodisias-Athena, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 2. Apollon, no. 645a, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Hebe I, no. 19, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Bundrick, Sheramy. 2005. Music and Image in Fifth-century Athens. fig. 85, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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