Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Terracotta hydria: kalpis (water jar)

Attributed to the Nausicaä Painter
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 460–450 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 14 1/2 in. (36.8 cm) diameter without handles 11 5/16 in. (28.7 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1925
Accession Number:
25.28
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 156
The infant Herakles strangling snakes sent by the goddess Hera

Herakles, the greatest of the Greek heroes, was one of twins conceived in a night when Alkmene, the wife of Amphitryon, was visited by both her husband and the god Zeus. Angered by his infidelity, Zeus's wife, Hera, tried to kill the infant Herakles with snakes. Here the child strangles them in the presence of his parents and Athena, his protective goddess.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1925. "Athenian Red-Figured Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 20(5): p. 130, fig. 6.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1938. "Notes: Amphitryon." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 33(1): pp. 27-8.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 84, 225, pl. 65c, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. p. 1110, no. 41, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Alkemene, no. 11; Amphityron, no. 7, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Eros-Herakles, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4. Herakles, no. 1653, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Boardman, John. 1989. Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Classical Period, a Handbook. fig. 196, London: Thames and Hudson, London.

Cook, Brian. 1989. "Footwork in Ancient Greek Swordsmanship." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 24: pp. 57-8, fig. 1.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Iphikles, no. 6, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Shapiro, H.A. 1994. Myth into Art: Poet and Painter in Classical Greece. pp. 107, 109, fig. 75, London: Routledge.

Mannack, Thomas. 2001. The Late Mannerists in Athenian Vase Painting. cat. N.41, p. 140, pl. 3, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Neils, Jenifer, John H. Oakley, and Katherine Hart. 2003. Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past no. 10, pp. 70, 272, New Haven: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College.

Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. no. 24, pp. 103, 121-3, 150, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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