Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Marble relief of Hermes, three nymphs, and Acheloös

Period:
Hellenistic
Date:
ca. 320–300 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Marble, Island ?
Dimensions:
Overall: 11 1/8 x 15 1/2in. (28.2 x 39.4cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1925
Accession Number:
25.78.59
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 158
The relief represents Hermes escorting three nymphs and, at the back, the forepart of the river god Acheloös who is represented in the form of a bull. A mound stands for a rustic altar. The retrospective style of the relief imitates works of the Archaic period (ca. 600–480 B.C.). Numerous votive reliefs of this type, dedicated to Hermes, Pan, and the nymphs, have been found in Greece. In most of these scenes, a grotto marks the locality; this relief is unusual for its architectural frame.
Inscription: "Sacred to Hermes and the Nymphs and august Acheloos"
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1926. "Recent Accessions of Classical Sculpture." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 21(11): pp. 258-9, fig. 3.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 109, 247, pl. 87d, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 143, pp. 80-81, pl. 105a, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Acheloos, no. 180, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Bodel, John P. and Stephen Tracy. 1997. Greek and Latin Inscriptions in the USA: A Checklist. p. 191, Rome: The American Academy in Rome.

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