Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

Attributed to Polion
Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 420 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 11 5/16 in. (28.7 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1925
Accession Number:
25.78.66
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 159
Obverse, chorus of satyrs
Reverse, youths

The inscription singers at the Panathenaia offers some explanation of the subject on the obverse. Three Papposilenoi—old satyrs—hold lyres and move toward a man with a pair of flutes. These are costumed performers who played some part in the festival that took place annually in honor of Athena, the patron goddess of Athens.
Inscription: Inscribed: "singers at the Panathenaia"
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. "Two Theater Vases." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 22(2): pp. 57-8, figs. 2, 4.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1933. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 19-20, fig. 22, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. and Marjorie J. Milne. 1935. Shapes and Names of Athenian Vases. p. 8, fig. 62, New York: Plantin Press.

Bieber, Margarete. 1939. The History of the Greek and Roman Theater. p. 8, fig. 9, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

McClees, Helen and Christine Alexander. 1941. The Daily Life of the Greeks and Romans: As Illustrated in the Classical Collections, 5th ed. pp. 19-20, fig. 22, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 101, 241, pl. 81e, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1963[1942]. Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters, Vols. 1 and 2, 2nd ed. pp. 1172, 1685, no. 8, Add. 1, pp. 1171-73, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Maas, Martha and Jane McIntosh Snyder. 1989. Stringed Instruments of Ancient Greece. pp. 146-7, 162, fig. 13, New Haven: Yale University Press.

West, Martin Litchfield. 1992. Ancient Greek Music. no. 29, p. 55, pl. 16, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Silenoi, no. 97, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Anderson, Warren D. 1994. Music and Musicians in Ancient Greece. p. 19, pl. 3, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Miller, Margaret C. 1997. Athens and Persia in the Fifth Century B.C.: A Study in Cultural Receptivity. p. 162 n. 68, Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Bundrick, Sheramy. 2005. Music and Image in Fifth-century Athens. fig. 17, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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