Copy of a Greek bronze statue from the Tyrannicide group, erected in 477/476 B.C. and attributed to Kritios and Nesiotes
Soon after the advent of a democratic government in 510 B.C., Harmodios and Aristogeiton, the Athenian aristocrats who assassinated one of the sons of the tyrant Peisistratos, were commemorated with a pair of statues in the Agora at Athens. The Persians removed the statues during their sack of Athens in 480 B.C., and two new ones were erected in 477/476 B.C. For one hundred years these heroized figures were the only statues of Athenian citizens allowed in the agora and, throughout antiquity, they remained among the most famous statues in Greece. The young Harmodios was represented raising his sword over his head, ready to deliver a slashing downward stroke. The remnants of two struts that supported the right forearm are visible on the front and side of this Roman copy.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 252, fig. 176, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1927. "Three Greek Heads." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 22(5): pp. 141, 143, fig. 1.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1930. Handbook of the Classical Collection. p. 252, fig. 176, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 200, 540, figs. 565-66, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 68, 210, pl. 50b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 25, p. 21, pls. 24a-b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Bandinelli, Ranuccio Bianchi. 1958. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale, Vol. 4. p. 410, fig. 483, Rome: Instituto della Enciclopedia Italiana.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. no. 40, Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.
Hurwit, Jeffrey M. 1989. "The Kritios Boy: Discovery, Reconstruction, and Date." American Journal of Archaeology, 93(1): pp. 68 n. 107, 69, fig. 24.
LaGamma, Alisa. 2011. Heroic Africans: Legendary Leaders, Iconic Sculptures. p. 8, fig. 4, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.