Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Bronze mirror

Period:
Classical
Date:
ca. 400–350 B.C.
Culture:
Praenestine
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
length 9 11/16 in. (24.6 cm.); diameter 6 3/16 in. (15.7 cm.)
Classification:
Bronzes
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1926
Accession Number:
26.60.63
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 170
Perseus with the Graiai, the sisters of the Gorgons
Inscribed (retrograde): Pherse (Perseus), Menarea (Minerva), Enie (Enyo), Pemphetru (Pephredo)
Inscription: Inscribed in Etruscan, Enie, Pemphetru (Enyo and Pemphedo, the Graiai), Pherse (Perseus), Nenarea (Athena)
Excavated in Palestrina by Frattini (Kekulé 1973, p. 124)

1872, excavated by Frattini in Palestrina; [with Francesco Martinetti]; by 1876 and until 1884, collection of Alessandro Castellani; 1884, purchased by Frédéric Spitzer at the Castellani sale at Hôtel Drouot, Paris; 1884-1893, collection of Frédéric Spitzer, Paris; until 1905, collection of T. Schiff; until 1926, collection of André Peytel, Paris; acquired in 1926, purchased from André Peytel.
Kekulé, Rinaldo. 1873. "Specchi di Palestrina." Annali dell’Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica, 45: pp. 124-9.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1928. "Recent Accessions of the Classical Department." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 23 (3): pp. 78-80, fig. 6.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1940. Handbook of the Etruscan Collection. p. 46, fig. 133, New York: Marchbanks Press.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1984. Aphrodisias-Athena, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 2. Athena/Menerva, no. 211, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1988. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 4: Eros-Herakles. Graiai, no. 5, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Oakley, John H. 1988. "“Perseus, the Graiai, and Aeschylus’ Phorkides.”." American Journal of Archaeology, 92 (3): p. 388 n. 32.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1994. Oidipous-Theseus, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 7. Perseus, no. 97, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Bonfante, Larissa. 1997. New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Corpus Speculorun Etruscorum, Vol. U.S.A. 3. no. 22, pp. 63-66, figs. 22a-d, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Bonfante, Larissa. 1997. Corpus Speculorum Etruscorum: U.S.A. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Vol. 3. no. 22, pp. 63-66, figs. 22a-d, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

Bonfante, Larissa. 2000. "Alcuni specchi etruschi nel Metropolitan Museum of Art." Aspetti e problemi della produzione degli specchi etruschi figurati: atti dell'incontro internazionale di studio, Roma 2-4 maggio 1997, Maria Donatella Gentili, ed. pp. 16-17, fig. 2, Rome: Aracne.

Gilotta, Fernando and Prof. Larissa Bonfante. 2000. "Specchi prenestini tardo-classici: qualche appunto sugli avvii della produzione." Aspetti e problemi della produzione degli specchi etruschi figurati: atti dell'incontro internazionale di studio, Roma 2-4 maggio 1997, Maria Donatella Gentili, ed. pp. 144-45, fig. 2, Rome: Aracne.

Wiman, Ingela M. B. 2000-2001. "Review of Etruscan Mirrors, by L. Bonfante." Opuscula Romana, Skrifter utgivna av Svenska institutet i Rom: pp. 125-8.

Höckmann, Ursula. 2002. "[Review]Etruscan Mirrors, by L. Bonfante." Gnomon, 74(1): pp. 43-6.

Paris, Rita, Elisabetta Setari, and Nunzio Giustozzi. 2013. Mostri: Creature Fantastiche della Paura e del Mito. pp. 34-5, Milan: Electa.

de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 6.9, pp. 8, 147, 172, 178–79, 182, 183, 287, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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