Marsyas challenged Apollo to a musical contest, and he was flayed alive as punishment after losing. here, he is shown hanging from a pine tree, while a bearded Phrygian slave kneeling at his feet sharpens his knife. Behind Marsyas, another slave tightens the ropes that bind him to the tree. The group showing the flaying is copied from a sculptural group created in the Hellenistic period.
Alexander, Christine. 1930–1931. "Unpublished Fragments of Roman Sarcophagi in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum Studies, 3: pp. 42-43, figs. 8, 11-12.
Sande, Siri. 1981. "The Myth of Marsyas: Pieces of a Sculptural Jigsaw." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 16: pp. 55-57, 59-60, 63, 65-66, 68, 70, figs. 1-2, 12, 15.
Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1992. Kentauroi-Oiax, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 6. Mousa, Mosai/Musae, no. 228, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.